Justinianus and Characters
His name was in imperial correspondence like that ;
‘’ Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Jusitinianus , Allamanicus , Gothicus, Fransicus, Germanicus, Anticus , Vandalicus, Africanus,,
He was born in Tauresium, near today’s Skopje. His family in Macedonia region
comes from the established Romans.
His uncle Emperor Justinus and 3 friends to enroll in the army as a Macedonian farmer
When they came to Byzantium . We think, he didn’t know He would be Emperor.
According to historians, He was illiterate, but He had a very strong body and He was immediately appointed to the palace guard.
Participated in the battles of Isaura and Persian with Emperor Leon and Anastasius.
Justinus gained great respect and strength in the army, but his age was well advanced.
Together with Euphemia, they brought their cousins Jusitinianus from Macedonia and adopted him.
Juistinianus received a very good education in the palace.
First he joined the elite military unit called Candiati. Later, the head of Domesticus was elected.
And then it became Patricios.
After His uncle became an emperor He made Ceasar to Him and He waited only 2 years as heir to the throne.
Justinianus, an innovative and entrepreneurial Emperor, immediately began organizing battle of the war to the West
The emperors before Justinianus , left an amazing treasure for him.
The conquests began to come one after another.
The Wars , which were previously organized on North Africa and Italy, were successful.
And then He got the same success when He turned His face to the East.
It went down in history as “The Great Justinianus”.
These achievements did not continue in the same way.
The great victories of the famous Commander Belisarius in his early years failed in the following years.
He was very interested in city life and reconsturactions.
He prepared its laws called Codex ‘’ Justinianus,,
With the influence of his wife Teodora, whom he married with great love, he gave women broad rights. These were a continuation of Roman Law but it can be considered more innovative.
The currency measure of the period was the gold coin called Solidus.
The money bearing the names of Justinianus and his wife Teodora consists of 4.48 grams of gold.
At 72 solidus, it would be half a kilo of weight.
Centenarium was also called under 50 kg. They were so rich.
The highest ranking government official was Magister Officorium and civilians were brought to this task.For soldiers , there were rank of Magister Militum.
The number of these commanders increased to fifth(5) during the reign of Jusitinianus.
The general governors looking at the states were called Praefectura Praetorio and
they would take power directly from the emperor.
Since he was in a bureaucracy for a while and was very effective, the long throne period is considered a success for him. Political events in his period were discussed in a way that would affect the world political history.
Large religious debates appeared in His period , the people were divided into parties and riots broke out.
The biggest of these is the Nika Revolt in 532, where it was cremated and destroyed in Hagia Sophia
Yohannis, the right-hand man of Justinianus and the ruler of the Byzantine city, played the leading role in this revolt.
the rebellion was bloody suppressed and the Emperor rebuilt both Hagia Sophia and His throne more strongly after that period.
Famous historian Prokopius, Commander Belisarius, Architects (engineers) of Hagia Sophia and other structures Antimeus and Isidoros are important figures whose knowledge has survived to the present day.
And Empress Theodora …
The plague epidemic that began during its period affected the entire city, including Himself.
While Justinianus recovered from this disease, Istanbul saw the death of approximately 230,000 people (545).
The number was half the population of the city.
As the conquests decreased, the city began to be surrounded.
In 558, the city saw another plague epidemic, and the economy became even weaker.
A year later the Huns besieged the city, and its famous Commander Belisarius saved the city.
Damaged in 562, Hagia Sophia was reopened for worship.
Three years later, he died on November 14 , 565 as a result of stroke and heart attack.
He was 83 when he died . He lived as an emperor for 38 years.
The most famous period of the Byzantine Empire is known as the Jusitinianus period.
Some historians remember this period very well, while others remember it as a period full of cruelty and disaster and remember it with disgust.