ARCHITECTURE of LITTLE HAGIA SOPHIA
Let’s examine Little Hagia Sophia with other palace structures in which it is located,
where people can worship with the elite, by looking at the palaces.
The main source for the information was the Istanbul Archeology Museum.
It is Osman Hamdi Bey (Mr.) who guided the developing museum in the late Ottoman Empire.
Documents and building information based on Istanbul, the Capital of this Small Asia, where empires lived throughout history At Istanbul Archeology Museum and General Directorate of Foundations
are kept under record.
The institutions that He Himself has been in His establishment are still at the beginning of His duty meticulously. (1891)
Yes ; Preserving history is hard but necessary.
Historical ruins of these lands were taken abroad without permission and maybe it should still be published in the museums you visited during your previous holidays.
Let’s return to the Istanbul Archeology Museum and refresh our knowledge of Little Hagia Sophia.
The city was built on the sea and those who think that the city and the sea determine their life above all, they did not miss the sea element in their architectural structures.
Yes, the city was connected to the sea, and everything was directly related to it. The fishermen, seafood sellers, boat builders and repairers seemed to prove that the city was living on a maritime, while its passengers were caught across the Bosphorus line between Asia and Europe, as the people of this region were facing free or state-owned boats. Posedion(the sea god), which adorns the halls of the Great Palace embroideries while pointing to the rome and earlier and as we mentioned before, the sea palaces adorned the Marmara Sea and the Bosphorus parts of Istanbul, which has a peninsula resembling a triangle. These ornaments raise Hagia Sophia and the Hippodrome to the sky with sculptures and monuments from the world’s most invincible cities and it would give its first ideas to the imperial capital for those who came from the sea.
Bucoleon Palace, which we can put into the Roman sea palaces class like Split Palace in Croatia, is dated to the period of Constantinius but this is controversial.
The palace remains in the Istanbul Archaeological Museum show that this palace complex, which is supported by continuous defense walls, has a palace whenever there is a kingdom in the city and is constantly renewed on it.
The large palace connected to Bucoleon Palace with unique porticoes and mosaics, stretched towards the Hagia Sophia along the seashore of the first hill where today’s Topkapı Palace is located.
Imagine ; if you are in the middle of the Great Palace, if you go east, you would reach Hagia Sophia and if you walk west, you would reach Little Hagia Sophia.
From there, you would reach the imperial pier or Kadırga Port ( Kontoskalion ), which is the stopover of important trade ships next to it.
The Kadırga Port in this region was the natural harbor supported by several small rivers along the Valens Belt, which carried water from the beginning of the peninsula to the city.
The waterway built during the reign of Emperor Valens was an engineering marvel that brought clean water to the city’s fountains, baths and the use of the palace.
Due to the city population, human hands and natural reasons, the water was cut off and this bay dried up. Kadırga Port was later used as an area where horses were housed, then as a warehouse for many reasons or left empty.
Famous historian Gilles tells that in the eastern tour, Turkish women wash clothes in stagnant water in this region, and a few galleys hang on the dry lake.And People called this region ‘’Kadırga ,, 16.Century.
Until recently, Little Hagia Sophia celebrated National and Religious Holidays in this region. They would also have their festivities and weddings in the region.
Both Justinianus and his successors paid great respect to the region.
Turkısh People was resided here becouse this region was close to Topkapı Palace. As a result, the life of the palace formed some of the people that we can call, produce, educate and train middle class in the Little Hagia Sophia region.
Another Great Sinan work Mosque of Sokullu Mehmet Pasha, one of the great Turkish Viziers, rises on the back of the district.
Little Hagia Sophia and Sokullu Mehmet Pasha Mosque have been looking at each other and then the Marmara Sea for 500 years.
And in the same way the Empress Sophia blessed the region in 580’s, and upon her help, the empress was declared The Saint.
Esma Sultan, an Ottoman Princess from the Turks, built a Fountain at one end of the waterway at the beginning of the port we are talking about. This place, which can be worshiped in a timely manner, is now protected in the park. (1781)
If we return to the palace again, it was about 300 meters along the coast and was looking at the Sea of Marmara with huge marble balconies.
It was a structure that historians describe as Paradeissos (Garden of Wonder).
Commander Belisarius’s tower (Faros, Pharos) was rising right next to the palace.
He also had a fleet…
The lion (leon) cult immediately at the entrance can be considered as Persian origin, the name of the palace is Bucoleon.
However, before entering the imperial pier, bull and lion figure and lion gates were used abundantly in the decorations of this sea palace.
These elements, both in eastern mythology and western mythology, lead the history of the palace to pagan periods and before. B.C. It would not be wrong to talk about the 2000s.
They believed that these lions, rising in the pedestals in the sea, opened fire from their mouths and burned the ships and were sacred.
In fact, this was a historical example of how people engage in science, such as physics, chemistry, mathematics, and what they learned from science in martial art, and this was a human structure.
It consisted of vending mechanisms made from bourgeois fire and pushing it.
The Byzantine navy used this fire as a weapon, and ships that could take precautions and navigate faster lost their importance as they were invented.
Personal beings are not ignored in the Bucoleon Palace.
The palace welcomes the emperors from time to time and witnesses the reconstruction of the buildings inside.
Diocletian, who divided the empire into east and west, lived here for a while and compared his palace to the Spilit Palace in Croatia, where he plans to live in retirement.
When the belief of the One God appears within the borders of the empire, politics begins to develop accordingly.
The Prince of Sasanian Hürmüz, who took refuge in Byzantium during the period of Constantinus, lived in this palace and reflected the Persian culture to the palace.
And Again, Emperor Leo 5 had both the palace and Little Hagia Sophia repaired during the second reconstruction of the Empire.
In the 9th century, the Emperor underwent a series of renovations again during Thephilos.
If we talk about the Hormisdas Monastery, which is included in the palace volume and sometimes gets a much stronger structure than its volume, This monastery was financially strongly supported, as it was located in the imperial capital and believed to be sacred.
It was also very strict in terms of education and was also very successful.
How Does ?
Reading Reading Reading …
Monks to other monks, are you done and time to rest? then reading it correctly… they formed the human chamber to carry the pre-era sciences to the post-era
Let’s leave to the historians how useful it is to create, without people , just know and hold this sience in a palace monastery.
But ; Considering that Keçeçizade Mehmet Pasha Mosque and mausoleum rising on the north side of the harbor are built using the Andalusian Architecture, that is mathematics and science,
The science and reason are mobile, can be developed…
We also recommend you to include Hüseyin Ağa Madrasa in Little Hagia Sophia.
It includes marbles that fall into the architectural history literature such as Synnada and prkonnesos.
Emperor Justinianus, Empress Teodora, and famous Commander Belisarius, its architects Anthemios and Isodoros, can evaluate this palace as the characters that give it the best gift.
Little Hagia Sophia has a ribbed dome and this architecture is innovative in church domes …
8 of the dome consisting of 16 slices is high and 8 of them are low. This gives us the look of an oyster shell.
There are windows on the arches of the dome.
Little Hagia Sophia seems to be stuck between St. Petrus and Pavlov’s wall and Bucoleon Palace, which we mentioned earlier. This is in a view that hides the outer image from the inner image.
A curved octagonal structure is placed inside a rectangular wall that cannot be understood from the outside.
Outer Oyster inside is like Pearl …
The connection beams of other structures are still visible (in the East and West direction) on the outer walls of Little Hagia Sophia.
If we go inside the church and look at the narthex, To be inspired by Sn Vitale Church in Ravenna, Italy and if we get support from the historian Prokopius ‘ Book of Structures, the interior was decorated with gold mosaics, creating a miraculous atmosphere for those who saw the first lights of the day shining from marbles and gold.
If you raise your head 30 degrees again, you will notice an inscription extending throughout the church.
Since this magnificence preferred in the church is contrary to the belief in Islam, mosaics were covered with plaster during the Ottoman period, but the said inscription was left there.
The inscription says …
Many kings erected monuments and honored those who died for the sake of religion.
But they couldn’t see the truth.
Being religious and encouraging,
Our Justininan, holding the Imperial Wand
The creator of all things Jesus servant Sergius
He rewards Him with this monument.
(Sergius), neither with the burning breath of fire nor with the sword,
Nor annoyed by other inquiries.
God was martyred for Jesus and made it heaven with his blood.
God Jesus, bless the reign of our ruler who is always careful,
And whose mind shines with piety,
Feeding the poor with an effort that never decreases,
May the power of Teodora crowned by God increase.
Hope you visit this beautiful building one day.
Little Hagia Sophia was turned into a mosque by Hüseyin Ağa, one of the palace officials of II Beyazid, and was taken under protection.
A very elegant portico with 5 domes where we can still cool in the shade or be protected from rain was built. He built a lodge and a madrasah where the Hormisdas Monastery, where they used the garden and the courtyard together.
Hüseyin Ağa’s Tomb is located right next to Little Hagia Sophia.
In this octagonal dome structure, some of the madrasa still stands today and is open to visitors.
The connection of Little Hagia Sophia with Bukoleon Palace was very damaged during the construction of the city walls and the construction of the coastal highway.
Today, only 25 meters of the outer surface of the palace and underground ruins have connections with Little Hagia Sophia.
The same palace extends from the Sultanahmet Mosque to the front of Hagia Sophia by the sea, connected to Arasta Bazaar and Mosaic Museum.
Bukoleon Palace will be restored in 2020 with a project carried out by Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality.